FSpeed is a Windows program for calculating Wright's coefficient of inbreeding efficiently.
NOTE: If you use a Mac or Windows 7, Vista or XP we recommend you try a much newer product: PedScope, which in addition to computing inbreeding incredibly quickly will also perform many other analyses of gentic diversity such as mean kinship and founder equivalents. It can also compute + display relationship matrices and can calculate mating (breeding) recommendations for maximizing future genetic diversity or minimizing inbreeding.
A free version of FSpeed is available from this web site. For further information and download details please click here.
Inbreeding occurs when an individual has one or more common ancestors. A common ancestor is one that is present on both sides of the pedigree. I.e., in order for an individual to have a non-zero coefficient of inbreeding it is necessary for both father(sire) and mother(dam) to be descended from one or more common ancestors. The degree of inbreeding is commonly expressed using a formula first derived by the famous American geneticist Sewall Wright early in the 20th century and for this reason it is often known as Wrights Coefficient of Inbreeding. Traditionally the symbol F is used to signify the coefficient of inbreeding.
Consider for one moment the underlying genetic basis of heredity. With most genes, any individual has two copies of each gene - two 'alleles'. One copy is received from the mother, the other from the father. Now consider what can happen when both mother and father have a common ancestor e.g. they have the same father. This could be represented by the following pedigree:
D | B---| | | | E A---| | D | | C---| | F
I.e. the father B and mother C of individual A both have the same father D.
Now consider any gene in D that consists of a pair of alleles. One of these alleles will be passed from D to B, and there is a 50% chance that B will pass this allele on to A. Separately, there is a 50% chance that D will pass this same allele to C. Likewise there is also a 50% chance that C then passes this allele to A. Thus there is a 50% x 50% x 50% = 12.5% chance that A has two copies of the same allele - inherited from the common ancestor D. This value is what we mean by the coefficient of inbreeding - it is the probability that any two alleles at a given gene locus are the same allele.
Consider now what would happen if we changed the pedigree as follows:
D | B---| | | | E A---| D | G---| | | H C---| | F
I.e. D is now a grandfather of C rather than a father. The inbreeding will be halved, to 6.25% because the likelihood of the same allele being inherited via C is halved.
Consider further what happens when no ancestor appears on both sides of the pedigree - F drops to zero. Outcrossing to a completely unrelated individual always reduces F to zero at a stroke.
These are very simple examples. In real life, within a closed population things are often very much more complicated because the same individuals can appear in several places on both sides of the pedigree, and you can often have multiple common ancestors. The principle behind the calculation remains the same - each probable source of inbreeding has a cumulative effect on the overall value.
Our breeders pedigree and record keeping program, Breeders Assistant Pedigree Software, also includes fast calculation of Wright's inbreeding coefficient - along with many other features.
To link to our site, please use the following information:
FSpeed - Fast Inbreeding Computation Software
Windows program for rapidly computing the inbreeding of all individuals in a breeding population. Free version available.
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<p><a href="http://www.tenset.co.uk/fspeed/"> FSpeed - Fast Inbreeding Computation Software </a><br>- Windows program for rapidly computing the inbreeding of all individuals in a breeding population. Free version available.</p>